Euromillions winner statistics

Tax on euromillions winnings

The Odd-Even Patterns In the EuroMillions

Odd-even patterns do have an impact on your number selection strategy.  You fail to choose the right composition of odd-even numbers, and you fail to win even before you play.

The Euromillions number field can be divided into two sets:

Odd = {1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17,19,21,23,25,27,29,31,33,35,37,39,41,43,45,47,49}

Even = {2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16,18,20,22,24,26,28,30,32,34,36,38,40,42,44,46,48,50}

The table below shows the complete odd-even patterns in EuroMillions with their corresponding probability:

Patterns Probability Calculus
3-odd-2-even 0.3256621797655230 32.5662179766%
3-even-2-odd 0.3256621797655230 32.5662179766%
1-odd-4-even 0.1492618323925310 14.9261832393%
1-even-4-odd 0.1492618323925310 14.9261832393%
5-odd-0-even 0.0250759878419453 2.5075987842%
5-even-0-odd 0.0250759878419453 2.5075987842%
1 100%

The table shows that the first two are the best ones to play in EuroMillions.  To help you figure out the best and the worst ones, I further divide the patterns into three groups:

Best Patterns Fair Patterns Worst Patterns
3-odd-2-even 1-odd-4-even All-even-numbers
2-odd-3-even 1-even-4-odd All-odd-numbers

As a EuroMillions player, you should either play the 3-odd-2-even or the 2-odd-3-even patterns.

Do you want proof?

Let’s peek at the past EuroMillions results and see how the game follows the dictate of probability.

UK Tax Implications

While there is no tax on lottery winnings in the UK, there are a number of important considerations to keep in mind if you are lucky enough to bank a substantial amount such as a EuroMillions jackpot.

Inheritance Tax

Inheritance tax (IHT) is paid when a UK resident dies and their estate is worth more than £325,000. Everything above that threshold will be taxed at 40 percent. If you win a large EuroMillions prize and your estate exceeds the £325,000 valuation, you should be aware of the rules regarding IHT and how it will affect your heirs.

It is very common for big winners to want to share their jackpot in some way, but if you want to make a gift without paying tax you must meet one of the following criteria:

  • Give the gift more than seven years before you die.
  • Give the gift to your husband, wife, or civil partner.
  • Give less than your annual allowance of £3,000.

The seven-year rule is in place to stop people from giving money away just before they die so that they can avoid IHT. As long as you live for at least seven years after making your gift, you can give as much as you want to whoever you want without it being liable for IHT.

If you were to die within seven years, the recipient would have to pay IHT based on a sliding scale. The rate of tax is the full 40% if there are less than three years between you giving your gift and dying, and then it goes down to 32% in years three to four, 24% in years four to five, 16% in years five to six and 8% if there are between six and seven years between your gift and your death.

Any gifts made to your spouse or civil partner are exempt from IHT, so it would not matter if you died within seven years. You can also give gifts to any registered charity without being liable for tax, along with some national organisations, such as the National Trust, universities or museums.

You can also take advantage of the £3,000 ‘gift allowance’ each year without incurring IHT. If you give away more than this amount and pass away within seven years, the recipient would have to pay tax. It is possible to carry over your leftover allowance from one tax year to the next, but only up to a maximum of £6,000.

Other Tax-free Gifts

You can also give smaller gifts of up to £250 to as many people as you want without them being subject to IHT, although this would not include anyone who has already received gifts totalling the whole £3,000 annual exemption.

Wedding gifts can also be exempt from IHT, but only if they are made before the wedding and there has to be proof that the marriage does go ahead. You can make wedding gifts of up to £5,000 to a child, £2,500 to a grandchild or great-grandchild or £1,000 to anyone else. You can also make gifts to help pay the living costs of an ex-spouse, an elderly dependent or a child.

Syndicates

Lottery rules in the UK stipulate that only one person can be paid a prize, so when playing in a syndicate it is essential to have a formal agreement in place to show to tax authorities. This will prove the money was not just a gift and that everyone is entitled to their share. Anyone playing in an informal syndicate should be aware that they may have to pay inheritance tax on the full amount if the syndicate leader dies within seven years of the prize money being shared.

Tax on Interest

Most people can earn some interest from their savings without paying tax, but this might not be the case if you win a large enough EuroMillions prize. While there is no tax on the initial sum paid into your account, it may be that the win starts to produce an income through interest. This will then be taxed as part of your normal income tax.

Millionaire Maker and EuroMillions HotPicks

How do you win a Millionaire Maker prize?

You win if the Millionaire Maker code on your ticket matches the winning code selected on the night. The code consists of four letters and five numbers and you must match it exactly with each digit in the same order. At least one code will be drawn alongside each EuroMillions game and the prize for winning is £1 million.

How does EuroMillions HotPicks work?

In EuroMillions HotPicks, you are able to decide how many numbers you want to try and match, from one up to five. You select your numbers from a pool of 1 to 50 and the winning numbers are the same five main balls from the EuroMillions draw. You must match all the numbers you choose to win the associated prize; you can win £10 for matching just one number or £1 million for matching all five. Go to the EuroMillions HotPicks page to find out more.

Ask Our Experts

The team behind Lottery.co.uk have decades of experience in the lottery industry between them. If you have a question about lotteries that isn’t answered here, contact us and we’re sure we will be able to help you. We aim to respond to all queries within 24 hours but it may take a bit longer for us to get back to you.

How to Play

How do you play EuroMillions?

To play EuroMillions, you must select five main numbers from 1 to 50 and two Lucky Star numbers between 1 and 12. You can buy tickets from authorised retailers in any of the nine participating countries, or enter online. View the How to Play EuroMillions page for a step-by-step guide to taking part.

What is the cut-off time for ticket sales?

Ticket sales close at 7:30pm UK time on the night of a draw. Sales remain closed until the draw has taken place, reopening shortly after for the next draw.

Can you enter more than one draw in advance?

You can buy tickets for up to four weeks in advance, entering either the Tuesday draw each week, the Friday draw, or both. It is therefore possible to enter your numbers into eight consecutive draws by playing every Tuesday and Friday for four weeks. You can also sign up to play continuously by direct debit.

Can the same number appear as a main number and a Lucky Star?

Yes, the Lucky Stars are drawn from a separate pool of 12 numbers. You can therefore select the same number(s) as a Lucky Star and a main ball.

How much does it cost to play?

The cost of a single EuroMillions play in the UK is £2.50. This price also enters you automatically into the Millionaire Maker.

Can you play EuroMillions if you don’t live in a participating country?

EuroMillions tickets are available from retailers in Austria, Belgium, France, Ireland, Luxembourg, Portugal, Spain and Switzerland, as well as the UK. However, the game can also be played online in other countries thanks to online concierge and betting services. Go to the Tickets page to take part.

Meet the Team

There’s a lot of work going on behind the scenes to ensure that the website is up to date with accurate information for you. Meet the team who make it happen:

Sam Weren
Sam is our lottery expert content writer with 20+ years experience in the industry. He’s previously appeared on the BBC lottery programme and was a Lottery Guru for national newspapers including the Daily Mail.

Recent articles by Sam:

  • Systems and Strategies
  • Picking Lottery Numbers

Background:

Sam has been with us from the start providing invaluable expertise of the industry and countless cups of coffee. As a writer, Sam has a history in print publication, including the best-selling book ‘The National Lottery Book: Winning Strategies’.

Lewis Rutledge
Lewis is an experienced writer in several different areas, with an in-depth knowledge of how lotteries work.

Recent articles by Lewis:

  • UK Player Wins £79 Million EuroMillions Jackpot
  • Fourth EuroMillions Superdraw of 2020 Set for 20th November
  • Which EuroMillions Country is the Most Successful?

Background:

Lewis’ background as a sports writer helped him to gain an understanding of odds and betting strategies, before he joined the team several years ago. He prides himself on his knowledge of all things EuroMillions, even trivia about the biggest winners!

George Morley
George has worked in the lottery industry for over seven years and has an in-depth knowledge on local and foreign lotteries.

Recent articles by George:

  • £57.8M EuroMillions Jackpot Won in the UK
  • EuroMillions Prizes Changing from 1st February 2020
  • UK EuroMillions Player Wins £40 Million Jackpot

Background:

George joined Euro-Millions.com at the start of his professional career and specialises in Search Engine Optimisation. He is also certified in Google Analytics and plays a big part in day-to-day management of the site, such as running social media campaigns and being part of the results verification team.

Alex Kiam
Alex is a specialist author and money editor, who contributes his financial knowledge across the site and vets all news articles to guarantee accuracy.

Recent articles by Alex:

  • Are EuroMillions winnings taxed?
  • How to claim lottery prizes
  • How to spend £100 million

Background:

Alex Kiam is our resident financial whizz and the go-to guy for anything involving numbers. Having previously published books such as ‘Understand Financial Risk and Analysis in a Day’, Alex regularly contributes towards helpful articles on Euro-Millions.com.

Jim Coulson
Jim is a freelance content writer, blogger and voiceover who loves finding interesting stories from the world’s favourite lotteries.

Recent articles by Jim:

  • Can I Play EuroMillions and Claim Prizes in Another Country?
  • Your Big Rollover EuroMillions Questions Answered
  • Next European Millionaire Maker Draw Announced for 23rd February 2018

Background:

Jim writes articles about everything to do with EuroMillions, from information on the latest game rule changes to stories about the lottery’s biggest winners. He also provides the voiceover for some of the Euro-Millions.com videos found on this site.

The Odd-Even Patterns Based On The Actual EuroMillions Results

Remember that in the list of the odd-even patterns above, we included the probability value. We use the probability value to determine how likely an event will happen in a given period.

In this case, we want to know the frequency of each odd-even pattern. To take things up a notch, we will compare our calculation against the actual results of the EuroMillions.

There are 1,276 draws in EuroMillions from April 16, 2004, to February 4, 2020. Therefore, we calculate the expected frequency by multiplying the probability by 1,276 draws.

Expected Frequency = Probability X 1,276

In the case of 3-odd-2-even with the probability of 0.3256621797655230, the expected frequency will be 416.

Doing similar computation with the rest of the odd-even patterns, we will come up with a completed comparison table below with accompanying graph:

As you see from the graph above, you should notice the agreement between probability prediction and the actual results of the EuroMillions game.  The agreement proves that the EuroMillions game follows the dictate of probability principle.

  • 3-odd-2-even is expected to appear 416 times – it occurred 461 times in the real draw.
  • 4-odd-1-even is projected to appear 190 times – it appeared in 184 times in the actual draw.
  • 0-odd-5-even is supposed to be drawn 32 times – it was drawn 31 times in the real draw.

Thanks to the power of probability.  And you don’t need statistical analysis of the historical results to do such high-accuracy and high-precision prediction.

Taxes in Other EuroMillions Countries

If you win a EuroMillions prize in Austria, Belgium, France, Ireland or Luxembourg, you will not be taxed on your winnings, just like in the UK. However, winners will be taxed in Portugal, Spain and Switzerland.

In Portugal, any prize worth more €5,000 is taxed at a rate of 20 percent, while there is a levy of 35 percent in Switzerland on any winnings over CHF1 million. Spanish prizes of more than €40,000 are subject to tax at 20 percent.

You can only claim a EuroMillions prize in the country where you bought your ticket, so you will have to accept the local rules on tax even if you are not a resident of the country.

Combinatorial Patterns in EuroMillions

Let me describe a mathematical method that will catapult you to Euro Million’s success.  Deep within the finite sets of EuroMillions numbers are combinatorial patterns that should tell you the best combinations to play and the worst ones to avoid.

The image above describes the complete randomness of a lottery game. It shows that the lotteries are made up of independent random draws that, when put together with time, exhibit a mathematically deterministic behavior given the law of large numbers. See The Visual Analysis of a True Random Lottery with Deterministic Outcome

Let me clarify that we don’t need statistics to determine the best combinations in a lottery game.  Statistics is not the right tool to analyze a lottery game.

So if statistical analysis will not provide the best clue, what will?

Well, since the lottery has a finite structure, any question that we ask is a combinatorial and probability problem to solve rather than statistical.

So instead of statistics, we need the concept of combinatorics and probability theory.   These two mathematical tools will help predict the general outcome of the EuroMillions game from the perspective of the law of large numbers.

This prediction is possible because a truly random lottery follows the dictate of probability.

Again, we can explain this better from the context of combinatorial patterns.

For example, we can ask:

“What is the probability that the next winning numbers will be 1-2-3-4-5?”

To solve this question combinatorially, we can rephrase the question this way:

“What is the probability that the next winning numbers will be three-odds and two-even numbers?”

Can you see it? Composition matters.

And the composition of a combination is best described using a combinatorial pattern.  You can look at combinatorial patterns in many different ways.  There are simple patterns and there are Lotterycodex patterns.

We will talk about Lotterycodex patterns later (you don’t want to miss this section).

Let’s discuss the simple ones first.

Общие сведения

В этой лотерее участвуют несколько стран. Изначально это были Великобритания, Франция и Испания. С  8 октября 2004 года к ним присоединились Бельгия, Австрия, республика Ирландия, Португалия, Люксембург, Швеция. Сегодня среди соучредителей лотереи 13 стран.

Розыгрыш претерпевал некоторые изменения. Структура игры менялась с течением времени. В 2011 году добавился второй еженедельный розыгрыш. Количество «звездных» чисел  увеличивались с 9 до 11.

Лотерея знаменита  тем, что ее еженедельные разыгрываемые призы  достигают 2-х миллионов, а иногда и больше. Запредельные суммы, разыгрываемые здесь, побуждают участников рисковать и искать удачу. Еженедельно несколько человек становятся миллионерами вот уже 14 лет.

К игре в данную лотерею могут быть допущены только лица старше 18 лет. И они должны жить в стране лотереи. Розыгрыши проводятся в Париже в 20.45 по местному времени (каждые вторник и пятницу).

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